New NSSF Rates in Kenya For 2024 And How To Easily Calculate NSSF Rates

Master the 2024 New NSSF Rates in Kenya: Ensure compliance, accurately calculate contributions and optimize financial planning.

Feb 13, 2024 - 08:00
Feb 12, 2024 - 15:21
New NSSF Rates in Kenya For 2024 And How To Easily Calculate NSSF Rates
New NSSF Rates in Kenya For 2024 And How To Easily Calculate NSSF Rates

In Kenya, the National Social Security Fund (NSSF) serves as a pivotal institution, safeguarding the economic welfare of workers by providing a safety net for retirement. As we step into 2024, a significant shift in the NSSF rate structure marks a turning point for both employees and employers nationwide. This year witnesses the implementation of updated NSSF rates, a move mandated by the NSSF Act No. 45 of 2013 and supported by Article 43 of the Kenya Constitution, which underscores the state's commitment to ensuring social security for all its workers​​​​. With the effective date set for February 2024 payroll, the revision in rates not only reflects an adjustment in the financial contributions required from the workforce but also underscores a broader commitment to enhancing the fund's capacity to secure more robust retirement benefits for Kenyans​​​​.

The essence of these changes? A considerable revision upwards, with the lower earnings limit now set at KSh 7,000, up from KSh 6,000, and the upper limit expanded to KSh 36,000, directly impacting the contribution brackets for both Tier 1 and Tier 2 contributions. This shift is not just a mere update; it's a strategic enhancement aimed at bolstering the fund's sustainability and the financial well-being of its members. For employees and employers alike, understanding these new rates, how to calculate contributions accurately, and the implications of these changes on financial planning and compliance is paramount. Why? Because navigating these changes effectively is crucial for maximizing the benefits of the NSSF scheme, ensuring compliance, and avoiding potential penalties​​​​.

Whether you're an employer adjusting your payroll processes or an employee looking to understand how these changes affect your take-home pay and future retirement benefits, this article promises to equip you with everything you need to know about the new NSSF rates in Kenya for 2024.

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Understanding the New NSSF Rates

The landscape of social security in Kenya is witnessing a transformative shift with the introduction of revised National Social Security Fund (NSSF) rates in 2024. This change, rooted in the NSSF Act No. 45 of 2013, coupled with the constitutional mandate of Article 43, underlines the government's commitment to bolstering social security for all working Kenyans. The essence of these modifications lies not only in adjusting the financial contribution rates but also in ensuring a more robust safety net for Kenyans upon retirement.

The Legislative Framework

The NSSF Act No. 45 of 2013 lays the groundwork for these changes, aiming to provide comprehensive social security services to all Kenyan workers. This act, alongside Article 43 of the Kenya Constitution, which emphasizes the right to social security, establishes a legal and moral foundation for the updated rates​​. The Court of Appeal's decision to uphold the implementation of these rates further reinforces the legal standing of this transformation, ensuring its applicability across the board​​.

Breaking Down the New Rates

The revised NSSF rates are characterized by an increase in both the lower and upper earnings limits, directly affecting Tier 1 and Tier 2 contributions. Here's a closer look at the specifics:

  • Tier 1 Contributions: The lower earnings limit has been raised from KSh 6,000 to KSh 7,000. Employees earning up to this amount are required to contribute KSh 420, matched equally by their employers, totaling KSh 840 in Tier 1 NSSF contributions​​​​.
  • Tier 2 Contributions: For earnings above the lower limit and up to the new upper limit of KSh 36,000, the contribution rate is pegged at 6% of the amount exceeding the lower limit but within the upper limit, leading to a maximum employee contribution of KSh 1,740, again matched by the employer. This adjustment brings the total Tier 2 contributions to KSh 3,480​​​​.
  • Total Contributions: The cumulative effect of these adjustments results in a significant increase in total NSSF contributions to KSh 4,320, marking a substantial step towards enhancing the fund's capacity to provide for its members' retirement needs​​​​.
Lower Limit (Tier 1) Kshs. 7,000
Total Contribution by employee Kshs. 420
Total Contribution by employer Kshs. 420
Total Tier 1 NSSF Contributions Kshs. 840
Upper Limit (Tier 2) Kshs. 36,000
Contribution on Upper Limit (6% of Upper Limit less Lower Limit) Kshs. 29,000
Total Contribution by employee Kshs. 1,740
Total Contribution by employer Kshs. 1,740
Total Tier 2 NSSF Contributions Kshs. 3,480
Total NSSF Contributions Kshs. 4,320

Rationale Behind the Changes

The decision to revise the NSSF rates stems from a strategic intent to ensure the fund's sustainability and enhance the retirement benefits for Kenyan workers. By increasing the contribution limits, the NSSF aims to build a more substantial financial reservoir to support its members during retirement, addressing the growing needs of Kenya's aging population. This move is also aligned with global trends in social security, where increased contributions are viewed as vital to maintaining the solvency and effectiveness of retirement benefits schemes.

Impact on Social Security Benefits

These updated rates are expected to significantly impact the social security landscape in Kenya. For employees, the immediate effect will be seen in their monthly contributions, which will now constitute a larger portion of their earnings. However, this short-term adjustment paves the way for more substantial retirement benefits, ensuring that workers have a more secure financial foundation upon retiring. Employers, on the other hand, will need to adjust their payroll systems to accommodate the new contribution rates, a move that underscores their role in supporting the welfare of their workforce.

Calculating Your Contributions

With the introduction of the new NSSF rates in Kenya for 2024, it's crucial for both employers and employees to understand how to accurately calculate their contributions. Here is a step-by-step explanation of the calculation process, supplemented by examples to ensure clarity and ease of understanding.

Step-by-Step Guide to Calculating Contributions

Calculating your NSSF contributions under the new rates requires an understanding of the revised earnings limits and the corresponding percentages for both Tier 1 and Tier 2 contributions.

  1. Determine Your Earnings Category: First, identify whether your monthly earnings fall within the Tier 1 limit (KSh 7,000) or if they extend into the Tier 2 range (up to KSh 36,000)​​.
  2. Tier 1 Calculations: For earnings up to KSh 7,000, the contribution is straightforward – both the employee and the employer contribute KSh 420 each, totaling KSh 840​​.
  3. Tier 2 Calculations: For earnings above KSh 7,000 and up to KSh 36,000, calculate 6% of the earnings above the Tier 1 limit but within the Tier 2 cap. This amount, up to a maximum of KSh 1,740 from both the employee and employer, constitutes the Tier 2 contribution​​.
  4. Total Contributions: Add the Tier 1 and Tier 2 contributions to determine the total monthly NSSF contribution. The combined contribution cannot exceed KSh 4,320​​.

Examples of Calculations for Different Salary Ranges

  • Example 1: Earnings of KSh 10,000
    • Tier 1 Contribution: KSh 420 (Employee) + KSh 420 (Employer) = KSh 840
    • Tier 2 Contribution: 6% of (KSh 10,000 - KSh 7,000) = KSh 180 (Employee) + KSh 180 (Employer) = KSh 360
    • Total Contribution: KSh 840 + KSh 360 = KSh 1,200
  • Example 2: Earnings of KSh 30,000
    • Tier 1 Contribution: KSh 420 (Employee) + KSh 420 (Employer) = KSh 840
    • Tier 2 Contribution: 6% of (KSh 30,000 - KSh 7,000) = KSh 1,380 (Employee) + KSh 1,380 (Employer) = KSh 2,760
    • Total Contribution: KSh 840 + KSh 2,760 = KSh 3,600
  • Example 3: Earnings of KSh 50,000
    • Contributions for earnings above KSh 36,000 are capped at the maximum Tier 2 rate.
    • Tier 1 Contribution: KSh 420 (Employee) + KSh 420 (Employer) = KSh 840
    • Tier 2 Contribution: KSh 1,740 (Employee) + KSh 1,740 (Employer) = KSh 3,480 (Maximum contribution for Tier 2)
    • Total Contribution: KSh 840 + KSh 3,480 = KSh 4,320 (Maximum total NSSF contribution)​​​​.

Utilizing the NSSF Rates Calculator

To simplify the calculation process, the NSSF offers an online rates calculator. This tool is designed to help both employers and employees quickly determine the correct contributions based on their earnings. By inputting your monthly salary, the calculator automatically computes the Tier 1 and Tier 2 contributions, providing a clear breakdown of the amounts due from both the employee and the employer​​.

In conclusion, understanding and applying the new NSSF rates for 2024 is essential for compliance and financial planning. By following the step-by-step guide and using the examples provided as a reference, employers and employees can ensure accurate calculation of their contributions. Additionally, leveraging the NSSF rates calculator further streamlines this process, making it accessible for everyone to stay compliant and informed.

Compliance and Financial Planning

The implementation of the new NSSF rates necessitates a thorough understanding of the compliance requirements to avoid penalties and ensure that contributions benefit the intended social security framework.

  • For Employers: It's imperative to adjust payroll systems to accommodate the new contribution rates promptly. Employers must ensure that both employee and employer contributions are accurately calculated and remitted to NSSF by the 9th day of the following month​​​​. Failure to comply not only attracts penalties but may also disrupt the employees' social security benefits.
  • For Employees: Awareness of the changes and verifying that the correct deductions are made is crucial. Employees should regularly review their payslips to ensure that the NSSF contributions reflect the new rates. Additionally, being informed about one's social security rights and benefits is essential for long-term financial planning​​.

Strategies for Financial Planning

Adapting to the new NSSF rates requires strategic financial planning to manage the increased contributions without significantly impacting disposable income and savings goals.

  • Budget Adjustments: Both employers and employees may need to revisit their budgets to accommodate the higher contribution rates. For employees, this might mean reassessing monthly expenses and savings plans to ensure that financial goals remain on track despite the increased deductions​​​​.
  • Benefit Optimization: Understanding the enhanced benefits that come with increased contributions can help justify the short-term financial adjustment. Employees should familiarize themselves with the range of benefits offered by NSSF, including retirement, health, and other social security benefits, to fully appreciate the value of their contributions​​​​.
  • Employer-Employee Communication: Employers should facilitate open and informative communication with their employees regarding the new NSSF rates and their implications. Providing resources and support for financial planning can help employees navigate the transition more smoothly.
  • Seek Professional Advice: For both employers and employees, consulting with financial advisors or tax professionals can provide tailored advice to navigate the changes effectively. Professional guidance can help optimize tax liabilities and ensure that financial planning aligns with individual or organizational goals amidst the new compliance landscape​​​​.

Ensuring Timely Contributions

Timeliness in remitting NSSF contributions is critical to avoid penalties and ensure that employees' social security benefits are not adversely affected. Employers should establish reliable systems for timely payment, while employees should proactively engage with their employers to confirm that contributions are made promptly​​​​.

READ ALSO: NSSF Registration in Kenya 2024: Online Access, Contributions, and Eligibility

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What are the new NSSF rates for 2024?

    • A: The new rates have set the lower earnings limit at KSh 7,000 and the upper limit at KSh 36,000. Contributions are divided into Tier 1 and Tier 2, with total contributions capped at KSh 4,320​​​​.

Q2: How do I calculate my NSSF contributions under the new rates?

    • A: Calculate Tier 1 contributions (KSh 420 each by employee and employer) for earnings up to KSh 7,000. For earnings above this up to KSh 36,000, calculate 6% of the difference as Tier 2 contributions, with a maximum of KSh 1,740 each by employee and employer​​​​.

Q3: Where can I find a tool to help calculate the correct NSSF contributions?

    • A: The NSSF offers an online rates calculator on their official website, designed to help both employers and employees compute the correct contributions based on their earnings​​.

Q4: What are the penalties for late or incorrect NSSF contributions?

    • A: Late payments attract penalties equivalent to the total monthly contribution for every delayed month. Employers are advised to remit contributions by the 9th day of the following month to avoid these penalties​​​​.

Q5: How do the new NSSF rates affect my retirement benefits?

    • A: The increased contributions enhance the fund's capacity to offer more substantial retirement benefits, ensuring a more secure financial foundation for members upon retirement​​​​.


The transition to the new NSSF rates in Kenya for 2024 represents a significant milestone in the country's efforts to provide a more robust social security system for its workforce. By increasing the contributions, the NSSF aims to ensure that members receive adequate support in their retirement years, reflecting a broader commitment to the welfare of Kenyan workers.

For employers, this change necessitates adjustments in payroll systems and a keen attention to compliance requirements to avoid penalties. For employees, it's an opportunity to invest more significantly in their future security, despite the immediate impact on their take-home pay.

Ultimately, the success of these changes hinges on the collective efforts of all stakeholders to embrace the adjustments and comply with the new regulations. With careful financial planning and adherence to the guidelines, both employers and employees can navigate these changes effectively, securing a better future for themselves and contributing to the stability of Kenya's social security system.

As we look ahead, staying informed and proactive in financial planning will be key to maximizing the benefits of the new NSSF rates. Together, we can move towards a more secure and prosperous future for all Kenyan workers.

Joseph Richard Joseph Richard, a leading contributor to, uses his decade-long expertise in finance, business, and technology to offer clear, reliable guides and analyses. His work aids Kenyans in making informed financial and business decisions, earning him a reputation as a trusted industry authority.