List of Senators in Kenya and their Counties 2023
Get insights into the Kenyan Senate's structure, functions, and impact on county governance. Learn how it ensures accountability and allocation of national revenue.
The Kenyan Senate and the National Assembly are crucial to the country's bicameral parliament system. A common query among the public often revolves around which of the two houses holds more power. While the ConstitutionConstitution doesn't explicitly rank the two based on their respective functions, the National Assembly performs a broader range of roles compared to the Senate, thus indicating a degree of superiority.
However, it's worth noting that this doesn't downplay the Senate's critical role in governance and politics in Kenya, particularly concerning the counties and county governments.
Membership and Composition of the Kenyan Senate
The Senate's membership comprises:
- 47 elected senators, each representing a Kenyan county.
- 16 senators are occupying special seats reserved for women, nominated by political parties based on their representation in the Senate.
- Four senators occupied seats set aside for the youth and persons with disabilities.
- The Speaker, who is an ex officio member of the Senate.
Defining the Role of the Senate in Kenya
The functions of the Senate in Kenya revolve primarily around the counties and related laws. These responsibilities stem from the Senate's legislative authority from the Kenyan people, reflecting the nation's diversity and representing the public will.
According to Article 94 of the Kenyan Constitution, the Senate's responsibilities include:
- Considering, debating, and approving bills concerning counties
- Determining the allocation of national revenue that goes to the counties
- Exercising oversight authority over the national revenue allocated to the county governments
- Exercising oversight over state officers, including considering and determining any resolution to remove the President or the Deputy President from office.
- As such, the Senate plays a pivotal role in representing the counties and protecting their interests and governments.
Revenue Sharing and Oversight
Arguably, one of the most important roles of the Senate in Kenya is revenue sharing, which includes both vertical and horizontal sharing of revenue. Vertical revenue sharing is a joint function between the Senate and the National Assembly. Every five years, the Senate determines the basis for sharing the equitable share among the counties (Article 217 of the Constitution).
Furthermore, the Senate also plays a vital oversight role in ensuring prudent expenditure by the county governments. This role involves adopting and acting on reports from the Controller of Budget and the Auditor General.
List of Elected Senators and Their Counties
Given the Senators' crucial role, understanding who they are and the counties they represent is essential. Here is a list of the current elected senators in all the 47 counties in Kenya and the parties they were elected under:
(Please note that the information provided is accurate as of the date of this article. For the most current information, please consult the official Senate website or other reliable sources)
|COUNTY CODE||COUNTY NAME||NAME OF SENATOR||PARTY|
|001||Mombasa||Mohamed Faki Mwinyihaji||ODM|
|002||Kwale||Issa Juma Boy||ODM|
|004||Tana River||Danson Mungatana||UDA|
|007||Garissa||Abdulkadir Mohamed Haji||UDA|
|008||Wajir||Abass Sheikh Mohammed||UDM|
|010||Marsabit||Mohamed Said Chute||UDA|
|011||Isiolo||Dullo Fatuma Adan||JP|
|013||Tharaka Nithi||Gataya Mwenda||UDA|
|015||Kitui||Enoch Kiio Wambua||WIPER|
|016||Machakos||Agnes Kavindu Muthama||WIPER|
|024||West Pokot||Julius Murgor||UDA|
|025||Samburu|| Steve Ltumbesi Lelegwe||UDA|
|026||Trans Nzoia||Allan Chesang||UDA|
|027||Uasin Gishu||Jackson Mandago||UDA|
|028||Elgeyo-Marakwet||William Kipkemoi Kisang||UDA|
|031||Laikipia||John Kinyua Nderitu||UDA|
|033||Narok||Ledama Ole Kina||ODM|
|035||Kericho||Aaron Kipkirui Cheruiyot||UDA|
|043||Homa Bay||Moses Otieno Kajwang||ODM|
|046||Nyamira||Erick Okongo Mogeni||ODM|
Understanding the Senators representing each of Kenya's counties and the Senate's structure and roles is key to appreciating the functions of this upper house of parliament. While each Senator holds a unique position in representing their respective county, they form a crucial body that not only debates and approves bills concerning the counties but also ensures the appropriate allocation and oversight of national revenue to county governments.
Frequently Asked Questions
How many Senators are there in Kenya?
There are 67 Senators in Kenya: 47 representing each county, 16 women, four representing the youth and persons with disabilities, and the Speaker.
What is the primary role of the Senate in Kenya?
The Senate in Kenya is primarily responsible for considering, debating, and approving bills concerning the counties. They also allocate national revenue to counties and oversee how it is spent.
How often are Senators elected in Kenya?
Senators in Kenya are elected every five years during the General Election.
Can a Senator be removed from office?
Yes, a Senator can be removed from office under specific circumstances, such as violation of the ConstitutionConstitution, gross misconduct, or incapacity.
What is the difference between the Senate and the National Assembly in Kenya?
While both are part of Kenya's bicameral parliament, the National Assembly primarily deals with laws relating to the national government, while the Senate focuses on laws concerning the counties.
How does the Senate ensure county governments spend their allocated revenue responsibly?
The Senate oversees county governments' expenditures by reviewing and acting on reports from the Controller of Budget and the Auditor General.
This article aims to provide general information on the Kenyan Senate and does not claim accuracy beyond the date of its publication. Always refer to official government resources for the most current and accurate details.