Mushroom Farming in Kenya: A Comprehensive Guide for Aspiring Farmers

Looking to venture into agribusiness? Explore the comprehensive guide to mushroom farming in Kenya, including investment, setup, marketing, and more.

Jun 30, 2023 - 17:31
Jun 30, 2023 - 18:02
Mushroom Farming in Kenya: A Comprehensive Guide for Aspiring Farmers
Mushroom Farming in Kenya: A Comprehensive Guide for Aspiring Farmers

As we increasingly recognize the potential of agribusiness in Kenya, it's no surprise that more people are venturing into lucrative prospects like Kienyeji chicken farming, fruit farming, and, particularly, mushroom farming. Mushroom farming in Kenya has drawn in many enthusiasts, especially urban youth, due to its incredible returns and low space requirements. If you're considering venturing into this profitable business, this article will be your comprehensive guide for mushroom farming in Kenya in 2023.

Exploring the Mushroom Market in Kenya

The mushroom market in Kenya presents a promising and fruitful business opportunity. As per the National Farmers Information Service (NAFIS), Kenya produces a mere 500 tons of mushrooms annually, whereas the domestic demand stands at 1200 tons. This significant gap, which necessitates importing about 700 tons of mushrooms each year, indicates a high, undersupplied demand, presenting an excellent opportunity for prospective mushroom farmers.

The Advantage of Space Efficiency in Mushroom Farming

A significant advantage of mushroom farming is the minimal space requirement. Many Kenyan farmers are now converting their garages and backyards into mushroom farms and report higher profits than large-scale farming of other crops.

Investment and Setup: Starting Your Mushroom Farm

Mushroom Growing in kenya

Getting into mushroom farming is more complex than just planting and reaping; it demands strategic investment and planning. The first step is building a mushroom growing house. A simple, cost-effective mud house with a grass-thatched roof will do the trick.

Once the house is ready, shelves, ideally made from readily available and affordable materials like wood, are installed to hold the mushroom growing bags. Filled with a specially prepared substrate, these bags are crucial to mushroom cultivation.

Mushroom Growing Bags: Preparation and Purchase Options

Mushroom Growing Bags IN KENYA

Mushroom growing bags contain a substrate, an organic medium providing necessary nutrients for mushroom growth. Substrate preparation can be intricate, often using agricultural waste such as rice husks, dry banana leaves, or bean waste. However, if the process seems daunting, ready mushroom growing bags are available.

Sourcing Spawns: The Mushroom Seeds

After preparing your bags, the next step is obtaining the spawns, otherwise known as mushroom seeds. Purchasing these from professional propagators is critical to ensure clean, uncontaminated material. Farmers must maintain recommended moisture levels once introduced to the substrate-filled bags and wait to harvest.

Mushroom Varieties in Kenya

There are fifteen cultivated mushroom varieties worldwide. The most common ones in Kenya are button and Oyster mushrooms. Button mushrooms are readily available but are more prone to diseases and infections. On the other hand, oyster mushrooms are hardier and resistant to infections. The two choices depend on your target market, skill level, and preference.

some of the most edible mushrooms include:

  1. White button mushrooms
  2. The Spruce Eats
  3. Cremini mushrooms
  4. Portobello mushrooms
  5. Shiitake mushrooms
  6. Enoki mushrooms
  7. Oyster mushrooms
  8. Maitake mushrooms
  9. Chanterelle mushrooms
  10. Morel mushrooms
  11. Lion's mane mushrooms
  12. Porcini mushrooms
  13. Beech mushrooms
  14. King trumpet mushrooms

Overcoming Challenges in Mushroom Farming

Like any other agribusiness, mushroom farming has its fair share of challenges. One significant obstacle is the cost of firewood for pasteurization. Improper pasteurization can lead to fungal growth and losses. However, ready bags of professionally prepared substrate can be purchased to mitigate this.

Harvesting and Marketing Your Mushrooms

Mushrooms are usually harvested consistently twice or thrice a week. Although there is a high demand for mushrooms in Kenya, farmers should actively seek out markets. This involves reaching out to potential buyers such as hotels and supermarkets, informing them of your products, and demonstrating your reliability as a consistent supplier.

Where to Sell Your Mushrooms in Kenya

If you're wondering where to sell mushrooms in Kenya, various buyers are ready to buy your harvest. These include Mushroom Blue Kenya, Richmum International Ltd, and Mushrooms Kenya. These companies are continually seeking consistent mushroom suppliers to meet the high demand. Besides, you can also sell directly to hotels, restaurants, and supermarkets.

Online marketing through social media platforms like Facebook and Instagram has also become an efficient way to connect with potential customers. Setting up an online store can attract consumers who want to purchase mushrooms for personal use.

Finally, farmer's markets and grocery stores present yet another opportunity for selling your produce. Some of these markets may require a permit, so check the regulations in your local area.

Here is a list of buyers with which you can sell your Mushrooms:

Mushroom Buyer Telephone Number
Mushroom Blue Kenya +254 774 187905
Richmum International Ltd +254 739 262 001
Mushrooms by ANNE Kimathi 0721 443198
Mushroom Guru Kenya 0731 079150
Jolin Farm 0705 880312
ELIMA Mushroom 0725 498252
Mushrooms Kenya 0705 210033
WEGA Mushrooms 0789 513420
DimJim Mushrooms 0736 232478

Training for Mushroom Farming

While this guide provides a comprehensive overview of mushroom farming, practical training is crucial for success. Several organizations offer training programs on mushroom farming in Kenya, including Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization, and Mushroom Kenya.

These institutions provide hands-on experience and expert advice, equipping you with the knowledge and skills to overcome the challenges you may face in your mushroom farming venture.

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Mushroom farming in Kenya is a profitable venture with immense potential. The high demand and limited supply are lucrative opportunities for those willing to invest time and resources. With adequate training, strategic marketing, and perseverance, mushroom farming can become a sustainable source of income.

Despite the challenges associated with mushroom farming, the benefits far outweigh them. So if you're considering a venture into agribusiness, mushroom farming is a great place to start.


What is the approximate investment needed to start mushroom farming in Kenya?

The investment cost can vary based on your scale of operation, but on average, it could range from Ksh 100,000 to Ksh 500,000. This cost includes the growing house, purchase of substrate-filled bags, spawns, and expenses related to marketing and selling your product.

How long does it take to start harvesting mushrooms?

After the spawns have been introduced into the substrate-filled bags, it typically takes about four weeks before the first harvest.

What are the ideal conditions for mushroom growth?

Mushrooms need a humid and dark environment to grow. The ideal temperature range is between 18-24°C. Maintaining cleanliness in your growing area is essential to avoid fungal and bacterial contamination.

Can mushroom farming be done all year round?

Yes, mushroom farming can be done all year round, especially if you have a controlled environment that maintains optimum temperature and humidity levels.

What is the potential yield from a bag of substrate?

A single substrate bag could yield up to 1-1.5 kilograms of mushrooms across multiple harvests.

Can mushroom farming be a full-time job?

With proper planning and marketing, mushroom farming can become a full-time job. It's a profitable venture that can provide a steady income, especially due to Kenya's high mushroom demand.


 The information in this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter and does not constitute professional agricultural advice. Specific advice should be sought about your particular circumstances from a local agricultural expert or a professional farming consultant. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this information up to the date of publication. However, things may have changed beyond our control, and thus we do not guarantee or warrant the current accuracy, reliability, completeness, or currency of the information provided. 

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Joseph Richard Joseph is a graduate of Mathematics and Computer Science (Applied Option). With expertise in Technology and Finance, he brings his knowledge to the field, demonstrating an authoritative understanding of these interrelated areas. Joseph is pursuing a Master's in Software Engineering, further expanding his skill set.