Top 17 Richest Counties in Kenya and GPD In 2023

Find out which counties in Kenya boast the highest Gross County Product and why they contribute significantly to the nation's prosperity.

Jun 11, 2023 - 10:15
Jun 11, 2023 - 10:16
Top 17 Richest Counties in Kenya and GPD In 2023
Top 17 Richest Counties in Kenya and GPD In 2023

Kenya, a vibrant African nation, is divided into 47 counties, each contributing to the country's economic output in unique ways. However, certain counties lead in wealth creation, making them standout regions of prosperity. According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS), these are the 17 wealthiest counties in Kenya.

1. Nairobi County

1. Nairobi County

Nairobi County, Kenya's capital, leads the pack with a Gross County Product (GCP) of 27.5%. It thrives due to its bustling economic activities, including financial and insurance services, real estate, and retail trade. It is status as Kenya's economic hub draws labor from other regions, further fueling its economic power.

2. Kiambu County

Close behind is Kiambu County, boasting a GCP of 5.9%. This county is situated near Nairobi and benefits from construction, professional and technical services, and real estate activities. Its proximity to Nairobi has also boosted its commercial vibrancy, making it a noteworthy contributor to Kenya's economy.

3. Mombasa County

Mombasa, a charming coastal city, ranks as the third wealthiest county with a GCP of 5.2%. Its position along the Indian Ocean facilitates crucial trade links, contributing to the city's flourishing manufacturing, transport, storage, and construction industries. Mombasa's hospitality sector also plays a significant role, attracting tourists from across the globe.

4. Nakuru County

Nakuru, with a GCP of 4.9%, is the wealthiest county in the Rift Valley region. Known for its fertile agricultural lands, Nakuru enjoys diverse economic activities such as farming, electricity supply, accommodation, and food services. Its manufacturing, construction, and ICT sectors further strengthen its financial muscle.

5. Machakos County

Machakos County, with a GCP of 3.5%, is another economic powerhouse. The county has a rich history as the former administrative center for British Colony and now thrives in sectors like mining, manufacturing, and construction.

6. Meru County

6. Meru County

Famed for its lush farmlands, Meru County enjoys a GCP of 3.2%. Its primary economic sectors include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, transport, and storage.

7. Kisumu County

Kisumu County, located in the Lake Victoria basin, contributes an average of 2.6% to Kenya's GDP. Key economic activities include manufacturing, real estate, transport and storage, and professional and technical services.

8. Uasin Gishu County

With a GCP of 2.4%, Uasin Gishu is known for its large-scale maize and wheat farms, earning it the moniker "Kenya's breadbasket." It also benefits from sectors like education, accommodation, and professional services.

9. Kakamega County

Kakamega County, the heart of Luhya land, contributes an average of 2.2% annually to Kenya's GDP. The county's economy is driven by agriculture, forestry, fishing, water supply, waste collection, and public administration.

10. Kilifi County

10. Kilifi County

Kilifi County, with a GCP of 2.2%, gets most of its income from the mining and quarrying industry. Other sectors include manufacturing, water supply, and education.

11. Bungoma County

As an important trading center since the 20th century, Bungoma County contributes 2.1% to the country's GDP. Sectors like agriculture, public administration, and education sustain its vibrant economy. Its strategic location, along the main transportation artery between Kenya and Uganda, has also significantly boosted trade.

12. Kajiado County

With a GCP of 2.1%, Kajiado County has a diverse economy, with agriculture and livestock production being the primary income generators. The county is also famous for its vibrant tourism industry, boasting major attractions like Amboseli National Park and Nairobi National Park.

13. Nyeri County

Nyeri County, contributing 1.9% to Kenya's GDP, has a robust agricultural sector, primarily focusing on coffee and tea production. Other notable industries include retail trade, manufacturing, and real estate.

14. Kirinyaga County

Known as the 'rice basket of Kenya,' Kirinyaga County contributes 1.8% to the nation's GDP. Other significant sectors besides rice cultivation include real estate, public administration, and construction.

15. Nyandarua County

Nyandarua County, with a GCP of 1.7%, is known for its vast farmlands and rich agricultural production, particularly in potatoes and dairy products. The county also has substantial contributions from the construction, wholesale, and retail trade sectors.

16. Murang'a County

16. Murang'a County

Murang'a County, contributing 1.6% to Kenya's GDP, thrives on agricultural activities, mainly tea and coffee production. Additionally, it has a growing real estate sector and a vibrant retail trade industry.

17. Laikipia County

Laikipia County is Rounding off the list, contributing 1.5% to Kenya's GDP. The tourism sector drives the county's economy, given its rich wildlife and scenic landscapes. Besides tourism, agriculture, and retail trade also play substantial roles in the county's economy.


County Gross County Product (GCP)
Nairobi County 27.5%
Kiambu County 5.9%
Mombasa County 5.2%
Nakuru County 4.9%
Machakos County 3.5%
Meru County 3.2%
Kisumu County 2.6%
Uasin Gishu County 2.4%
Kakamega County 2.2%
Kilifi County 2.2%
Bungoma County 2.1%
Kajiado County 2.1%
Nyeri County 1.9%
Kirinyaga County 1.8%
Nyandarua County 1.7%
Murang'a County 1.6%
Laikipia County 1.5%


Top 10 Best Paint Companies in Kenya

17 Most Profitable Businesses in Kenya

How to Check Your KPLC Bill Online: A Comprehensive Guide


These are Kenya's top 17 wealthiest counties, each with distinct economic strengths and opportunities. They collectively embody the rich tapestry of Kenya's economic dynamism and contribute significantly to the nation's prosperity. As Kenya continues its growth and economic diversification, these counties will remain key players.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is the wealthiest county in Kenya?

Nairobi County is the wealthiest county in Kenya. It contributes 27.5% to the country's Gross County Product (GCP) and is a hub for various economic activities.

2. What are the main economic activities in these counties?

The main economic activities vary between counties, but common sectors include agriculture, real estate, manufacturing, tourism, retail trade, construction, and professional services.

3. What factors contribute to the wealth of these counties?

The wealth of these counties is influenced by factors such as geographical location, natural resources, population density, infrastructure, and the presence of crucial industries.

4. How is wealth measured in Kenya's counties?

Wealth in Kenya's counties is measured through the Gross County Product (GCP), which is the monetary value of all finished goods and services produced within a county's borders in a specific period.

5. Are these the only wealthy counties in Kenya?

While these are the top 17 wealthiest counties, all of Kenya's 47 counties uniquely contribute to the country's economic output.


This article is intended to provide a general overview of the wealthiest counties in Kenya based on publicly available data as of the date of publication. The rankings and figures can change over time due to economic fluctuations, policy changes, and other factors. This information should only be used to make business or investment decisions after consulting a qualified professional or performing thorough independent research.

What's Your Reaction?








Joseph Richard Joseph is a graduate of Mathematics and Computer Science (Applied Option). With expertise in Technology and Finance, he brings his knowledge to the field, demonstrating an authoritative understanding of these interrelated areas. Joseph is pursuing a Master's in Software Engineering, further expanding his skill set.