Top 10 Best Medical Universities in Africa (2023)

From Cairo to Cape Town, delve into Africa's top medical universities and their commitment to advancing medical education and research.

Sep 1, 2023 - 22:27
Sep 10, 2023 - 13:26
Top 10 Best Medical Universities in Africa (2023)
Top 10 Best Medical Universities in Africa (2023)

Amidst a diverse tapestry of cultures and landscapes, Africa is making remarkable strides in medical education. Today, we delve into the continent's best medical universities, each a testament to dedication and advancement. In this article, we're set to unveil the top 10 medical universities across the continent that are shaping the future of healthcare. From Egypt's ancient halls to South Africa's modern campuses, these institutions are pillars of medical expertise and innovation. Let's uncover the institutions nurturing the next generation of medical professionals and researchers.

Top 10 Best Medical Universities in Africa

University of Cape Town 

The University of Cape Town (UCT) tops the list of the best medical universities in Africa. The University of Cape Town is a diverse community with over 29,000 students and 5,500 academic and professional staff. The university was Founded in 1829. The university stands out as a testament to enduring excellence by Offering a comprehensive educational experience.UCT has six faculties: Commerce, Engineering, Health Sciences, Humanities, Law, and Science. More than 7,200 students receive bachelor's degrees each year, promoting the development of competent and skilled graduates in various fields.

The University of Witwatersrand

The University of the Witwatersrand, famously known as Wits, holds the prestigious title of the second-best medical university in Africa. Its journey began in 1896 in Kimberley, eventually finding its permanent home in Johannesburg by 1904. Its growth culminated in 1922, when it achieved full university status. Notably, the University's Faculty of Health Sciences is recognized as a leading institution for health sciences education within sub-Saharan Africa.In an impactful collaboration with the Gauteng Health Department and the National Health Laboratory Service, Wits engages over 1,100 dental and medical consultants. These experts are pivotal in guiding postgraduate and undergraduate students through research programs fostering a hands-on and experiential learning environment. The University proudly graduates approximately 1,200 students yearly, a testament to its dedication to shaping the next generation of medical professionals.

Cairo University

Cairo University, an esteemed institution, stands as one of Egypt's oldest, with its foundation dating back to 1908. Its sprawling campus welcomes around 230,000 students, including a diverse 3% from foreign nations. Nestled in Giza, the university enjoys an inspiring view of the majestic Nile.With a rich academic tapestry, Cairo University boasts over 25 faculties, encompassing engineering, medicine, agriculture, and archaeology. Despite Arabic being Egypt's official language, it's worth noting that English takes precedence within the university setting. Ashraf Mahmoud Haitem, the secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Universities in Egypt, attests to this linguistic dynamic.Earning its place among the continent's elite, Cairo University is one of Africa's premier medical universities. Its legacy of academic excellence and diverse offerings have positioned it as a cornerstone of medical education and innovation on the continent.

Mansoura University

Established in 1962, Mansoura University has solidified its status as one of the finest medical universities in Africa. Initially beginning as a faculty of medicine under Cairo University's guidance, Mansoura University transformed. In 1972, it was officially established as East Delta University before swiftly adopting its current name, Mansoura University, the following year.Mansoura University has gained acclaim for its exceptional health facilities, a testament to its dedication to medical education and healthcare. These facilities encompass nine impressive hospitals, medical centers, and a specialized infant's hospital. Among these stands the noteworthy Medical Experimental Research Centre (MERC) and the Urology and Nephrology Centre. The University's commitment to advancing healthcare and medical research is a shining example of its enduring impact.

Stellenbosch University

Stellenbosch University, a bastion of academic excellence and healthcare innovation, boasts one of Africa's premier hospitals, solidifying its position as a vanguard of medical education. Emerging as a preeminent research-intensive institution, it garners international acclaim for its inclusivity and groundbreaking research that serves society. Established in 1918 with four modest faculties – Arts, Science, Education, and Agriculture – it now encompasses ten faculties across five campuses. With over 32,000 students, including over 4,000 international scholars representing over 100 nations, and a dedicated team of 3,300 staff members, the university's diverse and dynamic community fuels its legacy of advancement in medical education, healthcare, and research within Africa and beyond.

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Ain Shams University

Ain Shams University is one of Africa's premier medical institutions. The university was Established in 1950. Situated in Cairo, it holds the distinction of being the third higher-education establishment founded in Egypt. The university embodies educational diversity with seven campuses across the Greater Cairo area. It proudly hosts 15 faculties and numerous research institutes, shaping a comprehensive academic landscape. The university campuses house faculties such as Commerce, Engineering, Medicine, and more. Ain Shams University fosters a global perspective, encouraging students to embrace study abroad opportunities. Collaborating with esteemed international institutions such as the University of Birmingham, Imperial College London, Monash University, and McGill University, the university paves the way for cross-border academic growth and cultural exchange, enriching the journey of its students.

Ibadan University

The University of Ibadan (UI) is considered Nigeria's inaugural educational institution. It was formerly associated with the University of London until 1962. The university started with just three departments, Science, Medicine, and Arts, before rapidly developing into one of the country's most prestigious institutions.Today, the University boasts thirteen faculties spanning diverse disciplines such as Agriculture and Forestry, Education, Veterinary Medicine, Technology, Law, Social Sciences, Public Health, and Dentistry. The university also has the largest postgraduate School in Africa, which fosters an environment where postgraduate students study.The fascinating spaces provide comfortable living arrangements, including cafes, gyms, and communal areas. The University of Ibadan's legacy as the nation's pioneer institution remains a testament to its enduring commitment to learning and growth.

Makerere University

Recognized as one of Africa's finest medical institutions, Makerere University has held its position of eminence since its founding in 1922. As Uganda's oldest higher education establishment, it's a testament to academic tradition and excellence. Originating as a University College and affiliated with University College London, it achieved independent university status in 1970, solidifying its autonomy.Makerere University extends various educational opportunities, encompassing both undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. With a robust student body numbering 38,000, distributed across ten colleges, it also offers evening and specialized study programs, fostering accessibility and diverse learning avenues. Collaborations with industry, government, and other universities underscore its commitment to advancing knowledge and contributing to societal progress. Makerere University's legacy as a premier medical institution and research powerhouse remains unwavering as its journey continues.

North-West University 

Emerging in 2004, North-West University's inception marked a profound milestone in South Africa's history. It resulted from the fusion of the historically black North-West institution, the Sebokeng campus of the former black Vista University, and the historically white Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education. In 2018, North-West University stood as South Africa's second-largest, surpassed only by the expansive multi-campus University of South Africa. Hosting more than 68,000 students, its significance in the nation's educational landscape was undeniable. The university's faculties encompass education, economics, management law, engineering, theology, health sciences, humanities, agriculture, and natural sciences. This diverse academic spectrum reflects its commitment to nurturing holistic growth, fostering understanding, and contributing to the ongoing transformation of South Africa's higher education sector.

University of Ghana 

The University of Ghana is a beacon of excellence among Africa's top medical universities. Founded in 1948, it began its journey as an affiliate of the University of London's College. Progressing steadily, it achieved full university status in 1961, marking a significant step in its evolution. Known as Legon, the university's campus accommodates many students, including over 1,000 international scholars.Fueled by a commitment to advancing knowledge, the University of Ghana prioritizes research. Exploring domains such as ecology, seismology, migration studies, and population research, its efforts contribute to global insights. This commitment extends beyond borders as it collaborates with institutions like the Student Exchange Consortium of Commonwealth Universities and Norwegian Universities, enhancing academic exchange and fostering international partnerships.

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Africa's journey in medical education is marked by dedication, progress, and excellence. These top 10 medical universities represent the best of the continent's healthcare aspirations. Their influence extends beyond their campuses, touching lives and inspiring healthcare innovation in Africa and beyond as they train the next generation of medical professionals.

Frequently Asked Questions 

What criteria were used to rank these medical universities in Africa? 

The rankings depend on many factors, including academic excellence, research contributions, faculty expertise, facilities, and global recognition.

Are these universities open to international students?

Yes, many of these universities welcome students from all over the world. 

What types of medical programs do these universities offer?

Programs include medicine, surgery, clinical medicine, dentistry, nursing, and pharmacy.

Are there any scholarships for students in these universities? 

 Yes, most of these universities offer scholarships to their students.

How do these universities contribute to medical research and innovation?

They collaborate with healthcare organizations, government agencies, and international partners to conduct groundbreaking research that addresses pressing healthcare challenges.

Lavine Glory Lavine, a medic in Kenya, is a talented individual with a passion for both medicine and writing. Her expertise in these areas makes her a valuable contributor to, where she shares her knowledge and insights on education and medical subjects.