2023 TSC Salaries and Grading System for Teachers

Learn about the recent changes in TSC salaries and grades in Kenya. Find out how the updated salary structure impacts primary and secondary school teachers.

Jul 19, 2023 - 08:33
Jul 19, 2023 - 08:34
 2023 TSC Salaries and Grading System for Teachers
 2023 TSC Salaries and Grading System for Teachers

For years, teachers in Kenya have toiled and rallied for better pay, with most of these efforts culminating in street protests. Thankfully, through the dogged determination of the Kenyan National Union of Teachers (KNUT), these pleas have not been brushed aside. The Teachers Service Commission (TSC), in conjunction with the Salaries and Remuneration Commission, announced increased teacher salaries rolled out in three distinct phases. This article will guide you through the intricacies of the new TSC salaries and grading system implemented in 2023.

A New Dawn for TSC Salaries and Grading System

With the successful implementation of the Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA), there is a significant shift in teachers' grading and payment system. The street chants of "solidarity forever for the union makes us strong" have been replaced with a more confident assurance of fair pay.

The Overhaul of the TSC Grading System

The recent TSC update led to the phasing out of certain job groups while others were merged, streamlining the grading system. Here is a closer look at how these changes unfolded:

Disintegration and Formation of New Grades

Formerly, P1, a grade that fell under Job Group G, was eliminated and replaced by Grade B5, which became the entry grade for primary school tutors. This bold move created ripple effects, prompting the restructuring and renaming of subsequent grades. The grades and their corresponding job groups are as follows:

  1. Job Group J became C1
  2. Job Group K transformed into C2
  3. Job Group L morphed into C3
  4. Job Group M was renamed C4
  5. Job Group N became C5

The higher-ranking job groups, P, Q, and R, were also rechristened:

  1. Job Group P was renamed D1
  2. Job Group Q became D2
  3. Job Group R transitioned into D3

KNUT's request for additional job groups S and T was granted, creating categories D4 and D5, respectively. Notably, chief principals now fall under category D5.

Grade (T-Scale) Job Titles
B5 (T-Scale 5) Primary Teacher II
C1 (T-Scale 6) Primary Teacher I, Secondary Teacher II, Lecturer III
C2 (T-Scale 7) Secondary Teacher II, Senior Teacher II, Lecturer II, Special Needs Education Teacher (for primary schools)
C3 (T-Scale 8) Secondary Teacher I, Special Needs Education Teacher I (for primary schools), Lecturer I, Senior Teacher I, Special Needs Education Teacher II (for secondary schools)
C4 (T-Scale 9) Senior Master IV, Special Needs Education Senior Teacher (for primary schools), Senior Lecturer IV, Deputy Head Teacher II, Special Needs Education Teacher I (for secondary schools)
C5 (T-Scale 10) Senior Master III, Deputy Principal IV, Senior Lecturer III, Deputy Head Teacher, Head Teacher, Curriculum Support Officer II
D1 (T-Scale 11) Deputy Principal III, Senior Master II, Senior Lecturer II, Curriculum Support Officer I, Senior Head Teacher
D2 (T-Scale 12) Senior Master I, Deputy Principal II
D3 (T-Scale 13) Deputy Principal I, Principals
D4 (T-Scale 14) Senior Principals
D5 (T-Scale 15) Chief Principals

Decoding the New TSC Salary Scale

The Teachers Service Commission has released a circular outlining salary increases for different teacher job groups. The salary increment cuts across both primary and secondary school teachers, impacting job groups H, J, K, L, M, and N.

Unveiling the New Salary Structure

In 2016, a Collective Bargaining Agreement was signed, establishing a three-phase implementation cycle currently in its third phase. In addition to extending the TSC salary scale for trainers in T-Scale 13, T-Scale 12, and T-Scale 9, some allowances such as commuter, hardship, and annual leave have been revised. Here is an overview of the new salary structure:

Job Title Minimum Salary (Ksh.) Maximum Salary (Ksh.)
Chief Principal 165,089 200,928
Senior Principal 143,748 174,270
Principal 123,527 157,656
Deputy Principal I 113,923 139,914
Deputy Principal II 102,988 125,573
Senior Master I 98,309 119,859
Deputy Principal III 91,041 111,201
Senior Master II 87,912 108,242
Senior Lecturer II 83,938 104,644
Curriculum Support Officer I 79,694 99,080
Senior Head Teacher 76,527 95,020
Deputy Head Teacher 71,565 92,524
Senior Lecturer III 66,177 87,743
Deputy Principal IV 62,272 81,274
Senior Master III 58,171 75,692
Head Teacher 55,231 68,567
Deputy Head Teacher II 52,308 65,290
Senior Lecturer IV 49,821 62,659
Special Needs Education Senior Teacher (for primary schools) 47,057 59,286
Secondary Teacher I and Senior Teacher I 44,877 56,952
Secondary Teacher II and Senior Teacher II 35,927 45,110
Primary Teacher I 27,195 33,994
Primary Teacher II 21,756 27,195

READ ALSO:TSC TMIS Portal: How To Register, Login, Check Status And Submit TMIS Returns


The re-evaluation and subsequent adjustment of the TSC salaries and grading system has marked a significant milestone in the Kenyan education sector. The improved pay and well-defined grading system, rolled out in phases to accommodate budgetary constraints, symbolizes the victory of perseverance, notably for the Kenyan National Union of Teachers members. Now, more than ever, the teaching profession in Kenya shines brightly, promising a better future for teachers across the country. While there might still be room for improvement, it is evident that the efforts to ensure fair compensation for this noble profession are headed in the right direction.

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Joseph Richard Joseph is a graduate of Mathematics and Computer Science (Applied Option). With expertise in Technology and Finance, he brings his knowledge to the field, demonstrating an authoritative understanding of these interrelated areas. Joseph is pursuing a Master's in Software Engineering, further expanding his skill set.